Sparks from Gdańsk
Born 29 April 1975
Polish Sailor, Gdańsk’ Ambassador. Double World Champion in the Finn Class and Olympic Champion in Atlanta, 1996. He also was awarded with bronze medal during Olympics in Athens, 2004.
Born 29 September 1943
Labor activist and later Polish president Lech Wałęsa helped form and lead communist Poland’s first independent trade union, Solidarity and won a Nobel Prize. He helped form and led (1980–1990) communist Poland’s first independent trade union, Solidarity. The charismatic leader of millions of Polish workers, he went on to become the president of Poland (1990–1995). He received the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1983.
16 October 1927 – 13 April 2015
Poet, playwright, illustrator, graphic artist, sculptor and the recipient of Nobel Prize in Literature. He is best known for his first novel, ‘The Tin Drum’ (1959), a key text in European magic realism. It was the first book of his Gdańsk Trilogy, the other two being ‘Cat and Mouse’ and ‘Dog Years’. ‘The Tin Drum’ was adapted to a film with the same name, which won both the 1979 Palme d’Or and the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. In 1999 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, praising him as a writer “whose frolicsome black fables portray the forgotten face of history”.
22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860
Philosopher, best known for 1818 work ‘The World as Will and Representation’, in which he characterizes the phenomenal world, and consequently all human action, as the product of a blind, insatiable, and malignant metaphysical will. Proceeding from the transcendental idealism of Immanuel Kant, Schopenhauer developed an atheistic metaphysical and ethical system that has been described as an exemplary manifestation of philosophical pessimism, rejecting the contemporaneous post-Kantian philosophies of German idealism.
Johannes Hevelius (Jan Heweliusz)
28 January 1611 – 28 January 1687
Councillor and mayor of Gdańsk. As an astronomer he gained reputation as “the founder of lunar topography” and described ten new constellations, seven of which are still being recognized by astronomers. In Gdańsk there is now a science centre ‘Hewelianum’ to honour the astronomer.